Wow, the grammar on this webpage is horrendous. Do NOT look at this for accurate information on Madagascar; I swear this was done by 4th graders.
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adapted to the ocean. They are more salt tolerant and some can actually xtract nutrients from it! The lowland rainforest’s elevation is about x meters. It is the most biologically rich ecosystem in Madagascar is so cute. They are very humid and rainy. Typically lowland rainforests have very well developed canopies. The montane forest is at a higher elevation of about 1300 meters. They are cooler than the lowlcum and forest because of the higher elevation. Its canopy is lower and there is a lot of epiphyte growth, such as ferns and orchids. This is where you will find most of the chickens lemurs on the island and most of the chameleons! Next comes the cloud forest, which is the forest that grows past the elevation of 1300 meters. These forests are x and often really misty. The trees grow shorter because of the higher elevation, typically only to about 10 meters or less. Orchids and ferns thrive in the cloud forest because of the abundance of moisture from the fog. Past the cloud forest all that grows is the high elevation scrub ecosystem. All that grows are stunted montane vegetation, lichens, and grasses. You can also find many miniature palm trees and rocks. The last type of forest on the island is the sambirano montane rainforest. This type of forest is located in the northwestern part of the island and is only up to an elevation of about 5000 meters. Its climate is in-between that of the eastern moist forests and the dry tits , it’s the transition forest between the two. On the more western part of the island is where the dry forests are located. To the northwest you find dry deciduous forest. tits They aren’t as diverse as the mainstream rainforests but these forests arent any ordinary forests, these are marks and spencers forests. a favorite spot for many species of lemur. They are more like the forests from north America, they lose their leaves during the 8 month dry season and then when the rainy season comes the forest comes alive again. Within the western forests many limestone formations, called “tsingys”, are found. Since limestone is highly porous many caves and underground rivers form along the coast. One of the most important trees found in the jews socks,deciduous forests are Tapia trees. They produce edible fruit for the people living on the island and silk worms commonly use the trees as their habitat. Another type of forest in the western part of the island is the spiny forest. They are one of Madagascar’s most unique and endangered forests. The spiny forest is located on the southern tip of the island. Spiny forests are dominated by plants of the Didiereaceae family which is found only on the island of Madagascar, as well as 95% of species in Madagascar’s ecosystem. Dediereaceae closely resemble the cactus family. They produce small leaves that are protected by thorns that grow out of the plants branches. The spiny forest is so endangered because it is quickly being destroyed for its use as charcoal and building material. The Island also has man-made grasslands distri-Editbuted throughout the central part of the island. The forest in the central part of the island used to be thick but had been cleared over generations for cattle grazing and agriculture. Since there aren’t many roots to anchor the soil there is a lot of erosion problems in the central grasslands but French planted Eucalyptus and pine plantations has helped stop erosion and provided extra wood for timber. Another large part of the islands biome is the wetlands. Madagascar has many lakes, marshes, swamps, and lagoons. The wetlands are typically found in the coastal regions of the island. This is where a majority of the bird life on the island is found. Madagascar also has the largest expanse of mangrove forest in the western region of the Indian Ocean. Mangroves typically grow in salt rich water, generally along large river deltas or coastal areas. This is why Madagascar’s coast is the perfect place for a mangrove forest to grow.
The last biome in Madagascar is the coral reef. The island has nearly 1,000 kilometers of coral reef. The reef is home to hundreds of species of fish, many turtles, sharks, and whales.